- Review of Philippine Compliance with the UNCAC on Criminalization and International Cooperation
Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2003, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the first legally binding international anti-corruption instrument that requires States parties to implement, through laws, institutions, programmes, and practices, a wide range of measures to prevent, detect, prosecute, and sanction corruption and recover its proceeds.
The UNCAC was signed on 9 December 2003 by 140 States parties, including the Philippines, and was ratified by the Philippine Senate on 8 November 8 2006.
The Multi-Sectoral Anti-Corruption Council (MSACC) officially kicked-off the Philippine review on 30 June 2011 with the adoption of the Guidelines for the Selection of UNCAC Governmental Experts. The MSACC is the consultative and coordinating body of the National Anti-Corruption Program of Action (NACPA) which has the UNCAC for its framework.
On 17 August 2011, selected nominees, representing a multi-disciplinary team of highly-respected officials from the executive, judiciary, constitutional bodies, academe, and business, were confirmed by the MSACC.
These experts were then trained, in October 2012, on the Review Mechanism and Self-Assessment Checklist by UNODC Programme Officer Tanja Santucci. The session was opened by Ombudsman Morales who stated that the results of the review will inform the prioritization and sequencing of programmes and projects under the NACPA.
A Stakeholders Consultation followed on 12 October 2011 with participants from government and civil society. The checklist accomplished at the training was presented for comment and additional inputs.
To date, experts from Egypt and Bangladesh are finalizing the desk review of the checklist. This will be followed by a teleconference and a country visit.